FPF1320 Power Multiplexer Carrier with USB Micro-B Connector

4,60 EUR

incl. 19 % USt zzgl. Versandkosten

Gewicht: 0.0025 kg

Hersteller: Pololu

Lagerbestand: 0

Nicht auf Lager.

Nicht auf Lager.

Art.Nr.: 2594
     

Produktbeschreibung

Der Fairchild FPF1320 dual-Eingang Stromschalter ist ein einzelnes IC, welches zwischen der Leistung zweier Stromquellen schaltet.

Der Schalter funktioniert mit bis zu 1.5A. Dabei blockiert er ungewollte Stromrückflüsse vom Out- zum Input oder zwischen den Inputs. Jeder Eingangskanal wird durch einen internen MOSFET kontrolliert, welche zugleich einen Spannungsverlust verhindern.

Der FPF1320 ist nur in einem kleinen 1mmx1.5mm BGA Paket erhältlich. Der Chip ist auf einem kompakten Leiterplatte mit 0.1“ Abständen befestigt, wodurch es sehr gut mit Breadboards verwendet werden kann. Gleichzeitig kann es auch als Breakout für einen USB Mico-B Connector verwendet werden.

Das Board wurde so gefertigt, dass die „B“ Stromschiene, auch bei Fehlern, bevorzugt wird. Da an „B“ die USB Versorgung angeschlossen ist und die alternative „A“ Stromschiene nur genutzt wird, wenn keine USB-Verbindung besteht. Damit besteht die Möglichkeit ein Gerät anzuschließen, dass mit externer oder mit USB Spannung versorgt werden kann. Das Schaltverhalten kann mit einem aufgelöteten Jumper verändert werden.

Da das Board ein Träger für das FPF1320 ist, empfehlen wir Ihnen, das Datenblatt für das FPF1320 zu lesen.

FPF1320 datasheet (1MB pdf).

Control Inputs

The FPF1320 has two control inputs that can optionally be used to override the default behavior of the device: SEL (power select) and EN (enable).

The SEL pin determines the which power input rail is connected to the output: logic low (< 0.65 V) on SEL connects VINA to VOUT, while logic high (> 1.15 V) on SEL connects VINB to VOUT. The board pulls SEL to VINB by default, so a suitable voltage on VINB will cause it to be selected as the power source regardless of whether VINA is present, making it the preferred power source. When VINB is not present, the SEL pin is pulled low by default and VINA is automatically selected. Externally driving the SEL pin will override this default behavior.

Because of the way the board connects SEL by default, the output voltage will briefly drop to the logic level threshold of the SEL pin (about 1 V) when the multiplexer is transitioning from the VINB source to the VINA source. The “Power source selection” section below discusses this behavior in more detail, as well as some possibilities for modifying it.

The EN pin can be driven low to turn off the output and put the FPF1320 in a low-power state. The board pulls EN high through a 100 kΩ pull-up resistor and a pair of diodes to both VINA and VINB, so it is enabled by default when a suitable voltage is present on either input.

Power connections without USB

If you want to select from between two general power supplies, you can connect power source across VINA and GND and the other across VINB and GND. The voltages on these power inputs should be between 1.5 V and 5.5 V. The load should be connected across VOUT and GND and should draw no more than 1.5 A. In this configuration, the “B” power supply is preferred and connected to the output by default when it is present.

Power connections with USB

The Micro-B USB connector makes it easy to use USB as one of the two power sources. By default, the VBUS line from the USB connector is tied to VINB. This allows you to power your circuit from either USB or an external power source connected to VINA, with USB as the preferred power source.

If you want the external source to be preferred instead of USB, you can use a hobby knife to cut the trace in the board’s surface-mount jumper that connects the VINB and VBUS pads, then bridge the VBUS and VINA pads to connect those two lines together. You can then connect your external source to VINB, making it the preferred supply.

Warning: It is important to be aware that while this board has three power inputs, two of those three are typically tied together (there are only two independent power inputs to the FPF1320). As such, you must take care to avoid creating a short circuit between USB power and an external power supply. For example, when the board is in its default configuration (i.e. with VBUS tied to VINB), any external power supply must be connected to VINA; connecting it to VINB will create a short between this power supply and USB power when USB is connected.

The remaining lines from the USB connector (D−, D+, ID, and GND) are broken out to a set of pins adjacent to VOUT, allowing this module to also function as a basic USB Micro-B connector breakout board.

Power source selection

The FPF1320 itself is capable of seamlessly transitioning between sources when the logic level of the SEL signal changes. However, since the board pulls SEL to VINB by default, the multiplexer will not select the VINA source when the VINB source is disconnected until VINB falls to the threshold at which the SEL state changes (somewhere between 0.65 V and 1.15 V). Since VOUT is supplied by VINB until then, it will also fall by the same amount, which can be a problem if the load normally operates at a higher voltage and cannot tolerate a drop to 1 V. (For example, the load might be a 5 V microcontroller that undergoes a brown-out reset if its supply voltage falls below 2.7 V.)

To avoid such a pronounced drop when switching from VINB to VINA, you can bias the voltage on SEL. The board connects SEL to VINB through a 100 kΩ resistor, so adding a resistor between SEL and GND creates a voltage divider that lowers the SEL voltage and in turn causes the board to switch sooner. For example, adding a 30 kΩ resistor between SEL and GND lowers SEL to about 1.15 V when VINB is 5 V, and in our tests, it caused the FPF1320 to switch over to VINA as soon as VINB fell to about 4 V.

Note that the SEL input does not have a precision threshold, so even this method might be unsuitable for especially voltage-sensitive applications. In such cases, the selection behavior can be overridden by directly connecting a digital signal (such as an output from a comparator or a microcontroller monitoring VINB) to the SEL pin.

Included hardware

The included 1×12 strip of 0.1″ header pins can be broken into smaller pieces and soldered in to use the board with perfboards, breadboards, or 0.1″ female connectors. The board has two mounting holes that work with #2 and M2 screws (not included).


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