The Pololu USB AVR Programmer is an extremely compact, low-cost in-system programmer (ISP) for Atmel’s AVR mirocontrollers, which makes this device an attractive programming solution for AVR-based controllers like Pololu Orangutan robot controllers. The USB AVR programmer connects to your computer’s USB port via an included USB A to mini-B cable and communicates with your programming software, such as AVR Studio or AVRDUDE, through a virtual COM port using the AVRISPV2/STK500 protocol. The programmer connects to your target device via an included 6-pin ISP programming cable (the older, 10-pin ISP connections are not directly supported, but it’s easy to create or purchase a 6-pin-to-10-pin ISP adapter).
The programmer should work with all AVRs that can be programmed by an AVR ISP, but it has not been tested on all devices (it has been tested with all Orangutan robot controllers and the 3pi Robot). The programmer features upgradable firmware, allowing updates for future devices. It does currently work with Atmel’s XMega line of microcontrollers.
The programmer is powered by the 5V USB power bus, and it is intended for programming AVRs that are running at close to 5 V (note that the programmer does not deliver power to the target device).
The programmer has been tested under Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7, and Linux. We provide limited support for using this programmer on Mac OS X; please see the user’s guide for details. This programmer is not compatible with older versions of Windows. Please see our original Orangutan USB programmer for an alternative programmer that will work with the Mac OS or older versions of Windows.
Like our original Orangutan USB programmer, the USB AVR programmer doubles as a USB-to-serial adapter, but with a few key improvements. The programmer installs as two
virtual COM ports: one for communicating with programming software and
one for the general-purpose USB-to-serial adapter. This means that you
can seamlessly switch between programming an AVR and debugging it
through the TTL serial port without having to open and close your
terminal program. In addition to the serial transmit (TX), and receive (RX), lines, the programmer lets you use pins A and B
as serial handshaking lines. The programmer’s configuration utility
allows you to select which handshaking line is assigned to which pin,
and both input and output handshaking lines are supported. The
programmer also gives you access to the USB’s regulated 5V power bus
through the VBUS pin. The TTL-level serial port is not supported in Mac OS.
This device can also act as a two-channel, severely limited oscilloscope (SLO-scope) using the A and B pins as analog voltage inputs and the Pololu SLO-scope application for Windows. The SLO-scope can measure voltages between 0 and ~5 V (the maximum is limited by the USB bus voltage), or higher if you use an external voltage divider, and it supports two sampling modes: 10 kHz sampling of two 8-bit analog inputs or 20 kHz sampling of one 7-bit analog input and one digital input. This feature can help you debug your circuits and firmware by seeing what the voltages are doing at various nodes. (Please note that the SLO-scope feedback is quite limited and is not intended as a substitute for a real oscilloscope or a good multimeter, which will have much higher input impedance, better resolution and range, and higher sampling frequency.) The SLO-scope is not supported in Mac OS or Linux.
The Pololu USB AVR Programmer ships with a 12" (30 cm) 6-pin ISP programming cable and a 6’ (1.8 m) USB A to mini-B cable. It does ship with software or documentation, but software (including drivers) and documentation can be found under the resources tab.